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Irish Traditional Music Tune Index
Tune ID#659 (Four Courts)

Transcription of first 2 bars of Four Courts about these two bars
These two bars were transcribed by me from how this tune was played – the first time through – on the recording Bx (details in the Discography below).
Basic musical information on this tune.
Rhythm ?Bars8-bar phrase structureMode ?
Reel24ABCD Mixolydian
Titles ? given to this tune in the sources listed below (plus notes of mine about this tune):
Four Courts, The / The Four Courts No. 1 / Na Ceithre Cúirteanna / Four Courts of Dublin / The Four Courts of Dublin / The Repeal of the Union (1st in set The Walrus on Lu 5) (the unique setting on MR 10 could be considered a distinct tune)
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Discography cd

Here are all recordings of this tune considering only the indexed recordings. I have discovered by careful listening that these sources are in fact musically the same tune, regardless of the tune titles they use, key changes, retuning, etc.

Click play below to hear the first 12 seconds.
Year
Recorded
Track
#Tune?
[Album code] Artist. Title (Link to Album Info page). Performers (instruments).
192613#1
[OTPR] Oldtime Records. Vol. 3. Piping Rarities. Edward Mullaney (pipes), Patrick Stack (fiddle).
~19821.16#1 (0:21)
[MR 10] Micho Russell. Rarities and Old Favorites 1949-1993. Micho Russell (whistle, flute, vocals). For this tune: (Eb whistle).
~1989A.1#1
[Bx] Boxty. Boxty. Christine Dowling (flute, vocals, concertina), Martin Dowling (fiddle), Bob Newton (mandocello).
19965#1
[TCB 3] The Tulla Ceili Band. A Celebration of 50 Years. P. J. Hayes (fiddle), Martin Hayes (fiddle), Francis Donnellan (fiddle), Mark Donnellan (fiddle), J. J. Conway (flute), Jennifer Lenihan (flute), Sean Donnelly (accordion), Michael McKee (accordion), Jim Corry (piano), Michael Flanigan (drums).
~199716#1
[MMrch 1] Marcas Ó Murchú. Ó Bhéal go Béal. Marcas Ó Murchú (flute, whistle, vocals). For this tune: (Eb flute).
199812#1
[JKn 6] James Keane and Friends. Live in Dublin. James Keane (accordion). For this tune: with Sean Keane (fiddle), Mick O'Connor (flute).
200114#3
20039#1
[Lu 5] Lúnasa. The Kinnitty Sessions. Kevin Crawford (flute, whistle, bodhran), Donogh Hennessy (guitar), Trevor Hutchinson (double bass), Sean Smyth (fiddle, whistle), Cillian Vallely (pipes, whistle). For this tune: (F whistles).
~20109#1
[CGJS 1] Colm Gannon, Jesse Smith and John Blake. The Ewe with the Crooked Horn. Colm Gannon (accordion, melodeon), Jesse Smith (fiddle), John Blake (flute, guitar, piano). For this tune: Colm (melodeon).

Goes Well with . . .

In the above Discography, this tune is:

Played afterOn Albums
Tempest
TrsCl
Played beforeOn Albums
Mary McMahon
Bx
Tear the Calico
TCB 3
Paddy Taylor's
MMrch 1
Tie the Bonnet
JKn 6
Michael Kennedy's Reel
Lu 5

Bibliography

Here are all transcriptions of this tune considering only the indexed books, listed in chronological order. I have discovered by careful comparison that these are musical matches to this tune as played on the recordings listed above.

Listing of published transcriptions of this tune.
As tune #1396 in [1850] Francis O'Neill and James O'Neill. O'Neill's Music of Ireland. [available]
As tune #640 in [1001] Francis O'Neill and James O'Neill. The Dance Music of Ireland. 1001 Gems. [available]
On page 237 of [NF] Allen Feldman. The Northern Fiddler. [available]

If you are considering using the above transcriptions to help you learn this tune, I invite you to check these practical Tips for Learning Irish Traditional Music. See also: So why do you bother indexing books and abc?

Year of the oldest source for this tune, considering the recordings and transcriptions listed above (note that I concentrate on sources after 1900): 1903